Role of low-grade inflammation in osteoarthritis: search for nutraceuticals as novel approach to anti-inflammatory therapy

Proponente Anna Scotto D'Abusco - Professore Associato
Sottosettore ERC del proponente del progetto
Componenti gruppo di ricerca
Componente Categoria
Marco Lollobrigida Dottorando/Assegnista/Specializzando componente non strutturato del gruppo di ricerca
Componente Qualifica Struttura Categoria
Vedova Dalla Primario Ortopedia Ospedale di Cassino Altro personale aggregato Sapienza o esterni, titolari di borse di studio di ricerca

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common rheumatic disease, and its medical relevance is rising, in the Western population 1 out 3 people over 65 are OA patients. This pathology is characterized by progressive destruction of the extracellular matrix (ECM), causing pain and disability in patients. In the last decades, a growing importance has been given to the chronic and low-grade inflammation in OA etiology.
To date, OA is a non-curable disease, it is treated with analgesic agents, anti-inflammatory and painkiller drugs, mainly non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), with the aim to alleviate the symptoms. Some disease-modifying OA drugs (DMOADs) are also administered to OA patients, with partially inconsistent results, for this reason, a substantial need remains for safe and effective DMOADs.
The aim of this project is to analyze the synovial fluid and synovial lining coming from OA and non-OA (traumatic fracture) patients, who underwent to prosthesis surgery. In order to verify whether there are gender differences, samples will be obtained both by male and female patients. In the synovial fluid, the presence of immune system cells will be checked by flow cytometry analyses, the upregulation of specific pattern-related receptors (PRRs) and cannabinoid receptor-2 (CB2) will be analyzed by immunoistochemistry. In the second part of the project, synoviocytes will be isolated and they will be used as in vitro model to analyze the effects of some nutraceuticals on pathways altered in low- chronic- inflammation, with the aim to find low-grade inflammation inhibitors, specific for OA.

LS1_2, LS3_5, LS3_1

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